As the Louges Museum of Science and Industry in Paris, the Louvois Museum in Luxembourg, and the Bibliothèque Nationale in Brussels continue to be targeted by the Islamic State, the European Commission has put together a guide for visiting museums, art galleries and libraries.
“These are the places where a lot of the most valuable information about the world is held,” says the document, published in a recent issue of the European Union’s official newsletter.
The European Commission says the documents aims to give visitors a clearer picture of where information is held, and how it is shared.
The guide is available on the EU website.
The document says the collection is a repository for the “world’s intellectual treasures”, and it’s important to understand where these treasures are held.
It recommends that visitors to these museums and libraries be familiar with their respective languages and cultures.
“You should also know about the specific types of information that these museums hold, and where the data that is held comes from,” the document says.
“The libraries, museums and archives in each of these countries should be accessible to the public and have appropriate safeguards in place to prevent the transfer of data without the proper authorisation.”
The document is the first such recommendation in the EU’s guidelines, which was developed in 2014.
Since then, more than 1,000 requests have been made for access to these libraries and museums.
But it’s not clear how many of them have been complied with.
The EU’s internal audit office (IAO), which is responsible for ensuring compliance with the directives, did not respond to queries from The Hindu.
“We don’t have a specific list of requests that have been approved, but it is likely that a significant number of requests have come from outside the EU,” says Iao Bhattacharya, the head of the Iao Foundation, which provides funding to libraries and archives.
“So far, the IAAO has been very careful and has not issued any requests to museums that have not been approved by the Commission.”
The IAAOs mission has been to ensure compliance with all the EU directives since it was established in 2004.
A review of the recommendations for the IBAO, the EU-funded body that sets out the policy for the organization, shows that more than 200 requests have already been approved in its last year.
The IBAOs mission is not responsible for the content of the guidelines.
We don’t make recommendations,” says Bhattatcharya.
The IAAOS is a member of the EU.
Its job is to oversee compliance with EU directives and provide recommendations for EU member states to implement them.
“They are an important mechanism for the EU to monitor compliance with directives,” says Tariq Khalsa, the director of the Center for European and International Policy Studies at Princeton University.
But Bhattarsh says that the IAO does not “have a clear mandate to enforce compliance with any EU directive or to provide recommendations.”
He says the agency “has a mandate to provide advice and guidance” to member states, but “they are not a part of the Commission and have no power to issue directives.”
The guidelines state that, when collecting data, the institution “shall take the necessary measures to protect personal data from exploitation, including by third parties.”
But it also says that, “where data are held by a third party in the public domain, they should not be disclosed or used for any purpose except to support the protection of privacy.”
“There is a strong need to understand the full extent of the risk posed by this data,” the guidelines say.
It also advises that “where possible, data should be stored in a data centre or in a cloud server and protected by firewalls and other technological safeguards.”
While it is unclear whether the IOA has been aware of the threats posed by the spread of the Islamic state, the guidelines have become a common topic of discussion among experts.
“This has been a growing problem, which has made the IUA [International Union for the Protection of Electronic Communications] aware of it,” says Robert Cialdini, a member at the European Network of Privacy Groups (ENPG) who has written extensively on the topic.
The European Commission is the EU agency that sets guidelines for member states.
It is also responsible for supervising compliance with international treaties and laws, as well as the internal market.
“What is the role of the International Union for Protection of Privacy, the Directorate-General for the Internal Market, the Commission, the national police, the police services, civil society, the justice system and the general public, and what are the appropriate safeguards?” asks an IAAOG report in 2016.
The report is not yet available online.
While the European Parliament is currently debating a new data protection law, it is also investigating whether to give member states more powers to monitor their citizens’ online activities.
This could mean that member states might be able to